The French lawmaker says nothing about this. In same-sex parent families, children do not spring from the procreative sexuality of their parents. Gartrell and Bos Epstein, Toronto, Sumach Press, p. Health care About the same — The rate of homosexuals and bisexuals who had a consultation with a family doctor in the past 12 months, compared to heterosexuals. Contemporary families study b. Associations with parental sexual orientation, attitudes, and division of labor.
Overall, many LGBT adults say they have used their economic power in support or opposition to certain products or companies. When possible, we will avoid use of those words, speaking instead of trans persons. Adult children of LGB parents b. Is their appraisal of the situation comparable when the parents are two men and when they are two women? Gartrell and Bos Acknowledging these diverse pathways to parenthood is a key avenue for future work on child well-being.
Same-sex couples and sexual orientation by the numbers
In terms of psychological well-being, findings from nationally representative data indicate that adolescents in female, same-sex and different-sex couple families report similar scores on depressive symptoms and self-esteem Wainright et al. How do the judges respond to these claims? In his study comparing longitudinal data on heterosexual couples married and not married and cohabiting same-sex couples, Kurdek finds a similar relationship dynamic. Nontraditional families and childhood progress through school: Furthermore, this could lead to a certain degree of instrumentalization of men on the behalf of lesbian couples Philips-Nooten and Lavallee, ; Tahon,
Stigmatization associated with growing up in a lesbian-parented family: In other words, current counts of same-sex parent families which rely on couple-based indicators exclude parents who identify themselves as gay or lesbian who are single. Many studies in the social sciences have examined the ways in which gay and lesbian couples negotiate their roles and their identities within their families. Indeed, this norm does not easily allow for adoption and new reproductive technologies, which involve a greater number of actors: Despite these constitutional protections, legal experts have found that same-sex families are still confronted to legal difficulties, especially as regards the parents who have no biological relationship with the children.